irritate


irritate
I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
v. t. annoy, provoke, vex, bother, trouble; irk, exasperate, chafe, nettle, ruffle. See excitement, violence, resentment.
II
(Roget's IV) v.
1. [To bother]
Syn. provoke, annoy, exasperate, pester, peeve, nettle; see also bother 2 , 3 , disturb 2 .
2. [To inflame]
Syn. redden, chafe, swell, erupt, pain, sting, burn, aggravate; see also hurt 4 , itch 1 .
Syn.- irritate , the broadest in scope of these terms, may suggest temporary superficial impatience, or constant annoyance in, or an outburst of anger from, the person stirred to feeling [ their smugness irritated him ] ; to provoke is to arouse strong annoyance or resentment, or, sometimes, vindictive anger [provoked by an insult ] ; nettle implies irritation that stings or piques rather than infuriates [ sly, nettling remarks ] ; exasperate implies intense irritation such as exhausts one's patience or makes one lose one's self-control [exasperating impudence ] ; peeve , an informal word, means to cause to be annoyed, cross, or fretful [ he seems peeved about something ]
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) v.
1. annoy *bug, agitate, nettle, disturb, *get under one's skin, try one's patience, exasperate, irk, *drive one up a wall, peeve, *get on one's nerves, plague.
2. make sore inflame, aggravate, hurt, chafe, sting, rub, worsen.
ANT.: 1. please, delight, humor. 2. relieve, soothe
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) verb 1. To trouble the nerves or peace of mind of, especially by repeated vexations: aggravate, annoy, bother, bug, chafe, disturb, exasperate, fret, gall2, get, irk, nettle, peeve, provoke, put out, rile, ruffle, vex. Idioms: get in one's hair, get on one's nerves, get under one's skin. See FEELINGS, PAIN. 2. To make (the skin) raw by or as if by friction: abrade, chafe, excoriate, fret, gall2. See HELP. 3. To cause to become sore or inflamed: burn, inflame, sting. See HELP.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Irritate — Ir ri*tate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Irritated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Irritating}.] [L. irritatus, p. p. of irritare. Of doubtful origin.] [1913 Webster] 1. To increase the action or violence of; to heighten excitement in; to intensify; to stimulate.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • irritate — [ir′i tāt΄] vt. irritated, irritating [< L irritatus, pp. of irritare, to excite, stimulate, irritate < ir , in + IE base * erei , to excite, agitate > ROAM] 1. to excite to anger; provoke; annoy; exasperate 2. to cause (an organ or part …   English World dictionary

  • irritate — [v1] upset, anger abrade, affront, aggravate, annoy, bother, bug*, burn*, chafe, confuse, distemper, disturb, drive up the wall*, enrage, exasperate, fret, gall, get, get on nerves*, get under skin*, grate, harass, incense, inflame, infuriate,… …   New thesaurus

  • Irritate — Ir ri*tate, a. Excited; heightened. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Irritate — Ir ri*tate, v. t. [See 1 st {Irritant}.] To render null and void. [R.] Abp. Bramhall. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • irritate — I verb affront, aggravate, agitate, anger, annoy, badger, bother, bully, chafe, discompose, displease, disturb, enrage, exacerbate, exasperate, excite anger, excite impatience, fret, gall, give offense, grate, harass, hector, incense, inflame,… …   Law dictionary

  • irritate — (v.) 1530s, stimulate to action, rouse, incite, from L. irritatus, pp. of irritare excite, provoke. An earlier verb form was irrite (mid 15c.), from O.Fr. irriter. Meaning annoy, make impatient is from 1590s. Related: Irritated; irritating …   Etymology dictionary

  • irritate — irritate, exasperate, nettle, provoke, aggravate, rile, peeve are comparable when meaning to excite a feeling of angry annoyance in a person. Something which irritates greatly displeases or offends and evokes a display of feeling ranging from… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • irritate — ► VERB 1) make annoyed or angry. 2) cause inflammation in (a part of the body). DERIVATIVES irritating adjective irritation noun. ORIGIN Latin irritare …   English terms dictionary

  • irritate — irritator, n. /ir i tayt /, v., irritated, irritating. v.t. 1. to excite to impatience or anger; annoy. 2. Physiol., Biol. to excite (a living system) to some characteristic action or function. 3. Pathol. to bring (a body part) to an abnormally… …   Universalium

  • irritate */ — UK [ˈɪrɪteɪt] / US [ˈɪrɪˌteɪt] verb [transitive] Word forms irritate : present tense I/you/we/they irritate he/she/it irritates present participle irritating past tense irritated past participle irritated 1) to make someone feel annoyed or… …   English dictionary


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